Processing may take a few seconds...



Analysis of the Determinants of Innovation in the 21st Century


[ 1 ] Instytut Logistyki, Wydział Zarządzania i Dowodzenia, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Instytut Zarządzania, Wydział Zarządzania i Dowodzenia, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 3 ] Uniwersytet Szczeciński | [ 4 ] Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.6] Management and quality studies

Year of publication


Published in

European Research Studies Journal

Journal year: 2020 | Journal volume: Volume XXIII | Journal number: Issue 2

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Innowacje
  • Przedsiębiorstwo
  • Organizacje
  • Innovation
  • Enterprises
  • Organisations

EN Purpose: The main aim of this empirical research is to distinguish the characteristics of innovative and non-innovative organisations. Design/Methodology/Approach: The occurrence of innovative and non-innovative enterprises was verified on the basis of stochastic independence test x. In order to illustrate the use of decision trees, the database was analysed using the Enterprise Miner module in SAS. For this purpose, it is sufficient to create an appropriate process diagram. Findings: As a result of the study, it was observed that more than half of the non-innovative enterprises that performed their business functions also abroad were included in the section - transport and that most of the non-innovative enterprises performed basic business functions mainly inside their company. The innovative activity is calculated from the Central Statistical Office showing that only 42% of enterprises showed innovative activity (26.1% of industrial enterprises and 21% of service enterprises) in the period 2016-2018. Most of the non-innovative companies performed basic business functions mainly inside their company. Practical Implications: The results can be used to improve innovation in specific sectors. Research can contribute to finding where the innovation gap is. We show where there is a great opportunity for innovation and highlight non-innovative places (organisations). Originality/Value: This study is an original study that brings a creative perspective on innovation and non-innovation to cover the research gap in the literature concerning Poland.

Pages (from - to)

151 - 162




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal


Ministry points / journal in years 2017-2021