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The system of defence education system for Polish youth after 1989 and its transformations


[ 1 ] Instytut Bezpieczeństwa Państwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Instytut Teorii Bezpieczeństwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues

Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. 11 | Journal number: iss. 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Education for safety
  • Military classes
  • Military training
  • National security
  • Uniformed classes
  • Poland
  • Badania ilościowe
  • Badania jakościowe
  • Badania naukowe
  • Bezpieczeństwo narodowe
  • Edukacja dla bezpieczeństwa
  • Edukacja wojskowa (przedmiot szkolny)
  • Innowacje pedagogiczne
  • Klasa mundurowa
  • Klasa wojskowa
  • Kształcenie
  • Metody nauczania
  • Nauczanie
  • Polska
  • Program nauczania
  • Program Pilotażowy Wspierania Szkół Ponadgimnazjalnych Prowadzących Certyfikowane Piony Wojskowych Klas Mundurowych
  • Przysposobienie wojskowe
  • Szkolenie wojskowe
  • Szkoły średnie

EN The objective of this article is to describe the system of defence education for Polish youth after 1989 and its transformations. The article indicates that in Polish primary and secondary schools today, the subject of security education is taught, and in some high schools – especially in Certified Military Uniformed Classes – the subject of military education is taught as well. Among students, however, the defence curriculum is taught mainly as part of extra-curricular activities, mainly within the Academic Legion and Passport Programme. On the basis of the research strengthening military potential is supported by the defence education of young people. The exploration underlined that achieving the defence objectives outlined by the programmes of the Ministry of National Defence in agreement with the Ministry of National Education. The study used the diagnostic survey research method and the techniques of content analysis, a questionnaire, interviews, and observations. The article conluds recommendations for security education curriculum.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

159 - 168





JEL Classifications: F52, I260, H760. Bibliografia, netografia na stronach 167-168.

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

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Ministry points / journal


Ministry points / journal in years 2017-2021