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US-China Technological Rivalry and its Implications for the Three Seas Initiative (3SI)


[ 1 ] Instytut Studiów Strategicznych, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee | [ D ] phd student

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

European Research Studies Journal

Journal year: 2020 | Journal volume: Volume XXIII | Journal number: Special Issue 2

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Central and Eastern Europe
  • China
  • Economic policy
  • International security
  • Technology
  • Three Seas Initiative (3SI)
  • United States of America
  • Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
  • Chiny
  • Europa Środkowo-Wschodnia
  • Inicjatywa Trójmorza
  • Polityka międzynarodowa
  • Stany Zjednoczone (USA)
  • Sztuczna inteligencja
  • Technologia
  • Współpraca gospodarcza

EN Purpose: The article aims to explore the motivations and balance of power in the US-China technological rivalry in the semiconductor and AI sectors. The secondary goal is to explain how changes in the distribution of power between China and the US affect the behaviors and security of the 3SI. Design/Methodology/Approach: The authors adopt the neorealist approach, which focuses on the analysis of structural shifts in the distribution of material power among China and the US and their influence on states' behaviors. The paper focuses on the semiconductor and Artificial Intelligence (AI) sectors as they are considered to play a crucial role in the economic development in the first half of the 21st century. Findings: Microprocessors and AI are identified as the key technologies for successful internal and external threat balancing, ensuring state security in the medium- and long-term. It is also argued that systemic US-China rivalry imposes structural stresses on the international system, and this process also exerts influence on the security in the 3SI region. Governments of 3SI are prompted to reduce the scale of cooperation with China by adopting a more restrictive approach toward the 5G procurement rules, digital infrastructure, and Foreign Direct Investment. China's rising technological capabilities serve as the primary motivation behind the US efforts to create the block of democratic digital economies oriented toward balancing China's rising power. Practical implications: Given the increasingly competitive nature of the international economy, it becomes imperative for state actors to promote the innovation-driven development which guarantees the advancement in Global Value Chains (GVCs) and sustained high growth rates. Originality/Value: The analysis provides a concise assessment of the state of technological rivalry between the US and China as well as insights into how this process may influence regional initiatives and frameworks.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

840 - 853





JEL Classification: O33, O51, O53. Bibliografia, netografia na stronach 851-853.

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Full text of article

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