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Illegal immigration as a threat to the safety of the Republic of Poland


[ 1 ] Instytut Bezpieczeństwa Państwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2019 | Journal volume: vol. 23 | Journal number: no 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
  • Bezpieczeństwo narodowe
  • Europol
  • Frontex
  • Nielegalni imigranci
  • Ochrona granic
  • Polska
  • Border guard
  • Frontex
  • Europol
  • Illegal immigrants
  • International security
  • National security
  • Poland

EN Uncontrolled migration is one of the threats to the state, and as illegal immigration, it is a leading threat to international security. From the point of view of state security, illegal immigration is classified as “requiring caution.” In the case of Poland, illegal immigration is to a considerable extent handled by organised crime of transnational reach, effectively taking the form of criminal enterprises. In the present day, differentiating between migration and exile is intricate, because the reasons behind migration are unclear and depend on numerous factors, also related to migration policies in target countries. However, for criminal enterprises, which stop at nothing to maximise their business profits, both refugees seeking refuge and migrants seeking to improve their socio-economic situation are a source of substantial fi nancial gain. Criminal organisations generate profi t by committing various crimes. This article also looks at international and national institutions combating illegal migration as a threat to the security of the Republic of Poland and Europe

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

63 - 78




Copyrights to the institution

Akademia Sztuki Wojennej

License type

CC BY-NC-ND (attribution - noncommercial - no derivatives)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Points of MNiSW / journal


Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021