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COVID-19 Implications for China's National Security


[ 1 ] Instytut Studiów Strategicznych, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Institute of International Studies, the Middle East and Central Asia Unit, Warsaw School of Economics | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[6.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 37 | Journal number: no. 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • China
  • COVID-19
  • Crisis
  • Crisis situation
  • Economic security of the state
  • Economy
  • Epidemic
  • Geopolitics
  • International policy
  • International security
  • Lockdown
  • National security
  • Nonmilitary threat
  • Pandemic
  • Social security
  • Qualitative research
  • Quantitative research
  • Badania ilościowe
  • Badania jakościowe
  • Badania naukowe
  • Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
  • Bezpieczeństwo narodowe
  • Bezpieczeństwo eknomiczne państwa
  • Bezpieczeństwo społeczne
  • Chiny
  • COVID-19
  • Epidemie
  • Geopolityka
  • Gospodarka
  • Kryzys
  • Pandemia
  • Polityka międzynarodowa
  • Sytuacja kryzysowa
  • Zagrożenia niemilitarne

EN The COVID-19 pandemic began in March 2020 and China has since been under public scrutiny for neglecting the first signs of this global health challenge and for its lockdown strategy. Although lockdowns have not lasted for long, China needs to confront the political, social, and economic implications for its national security. The paper aims to fill a gap in the knowledge and investigate aspects of China’s national security in light of the pandemic. The study is based on desk research using secondary data and statistical and comparative analysis. It also employs an inductive method to build general theorems. The Chinese government can be seen as successful in dealing with the pandemic because of a low death toll and minimal economic losses. By early February 2022, only 106,863 Chinese had been diagnosed, and 4,636 had died from the virus. China also achieved enviable economic success and, its output grew by 18.3% year on year in the first quarter of 2021, the fastest rate since the 1990s, and it was the first major economy to withdraw its pandemic stimulus. China consolidated its position in low-income countries and improved its image as a global leader in trade by supplying vaccines, masks and ventilators, and strengthened its geopolitical standing. It will face threats from other countries working on a joint approach to the challenges posed by Beijing and while the aftereffects of the crisis can be seen, it also fears that they might further affect China's national security.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

55 - 67





Bibliografia, netografia na stronach 62-67.

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

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