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Preparing youth for defence: Socialisation, education, and training of young people in Europe for national security


[ 1 ] Instytut Teorii Bezpieczeństwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Rządowe Centrum Bezpieczeństwa | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[6.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 38 | Journal number: no. 2

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Bezpieczeństwo militarne państwa
  • Bezpieczństwo narodowe
  • Edukacja dla bezpieczeństwa
  • Estonia
  • Europa
  • Litwa
  • Łotwa
  • Francja
  • Młodzież
  • Niemcy
  • Polska
  • Szkolenie wojskowe
  • Szkolnictwo
  • Socjalizacja
  • Szwecja
  • Unia Europejska (UE)
  • European Union
  • Education for safety
  • Estonia
  • Europe
  • France
  • Germany
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Military security
  • Military training
  • National security
  • Poland
  • Socialization
  • Sweden

EN This article compares military and defence-oriented training, education, and socialisation in seven European countries—Sweden, Germany, France, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Poland. The comparative case study approach has been employed to identify the systemic solutions employed in the defence education of young people in those European Union countries. The criteria that have guided the analysis of defence education in each country include purpose, characteristics, duration and possible shortcomings. The results identify common content and alternative delivery patterns and establish a research agenda for further study based on gaps in policy knowledge and programme evaluation. The defence education solutions implemented in each of the countries under analysis lead to conclusions and recommendations regarding the need to create common solutions in the area of cooperation between the armed forces and the civilian population of EU countries. The experience of each country shed light not only on defence-oriented training of young people but also on the potential of various activities aimed at strengthening national security.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

1 - 15





Bibliografia, netografia na stronach 11-15.

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Full text of article

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