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Geoeconomic Leaders among the Three Seas Initiative Countries. Part 1: Geoeconomics as a Paradigm for Research on International Security


[ 1 ] Instytut Studiów Strategicznych, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[6.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

European Research Studies Journal

Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. XXIV | Journal number: issue 4B

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Economy
  • Geoeconomics
  • Geopolitics
  • International policy
  • International security
  • Three Seas Initiative (3SI)
  • Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
  • Geoekonomia
  • Geopolityka
  • Inicjatywa Trójmorza
  • Polityka międzynarodowa
  • Siła państwa
  • Stosunki międzynarodowe

EN Purpose: The purpose of the article is to build an analytical framework for measuring the geopolitical potential of the states in the Three Seas Initiative region and, on this basis, to infer which states are leaders in the region. The article integrates theoretical principles of geoeconomics with practical indicators that, in the authors' opinion, can serve as analytical tools to determine the geoeconomic power of states in international relations and security implications. Design/Methodology/Approach: The methods used in this study are comparative analysis and inductive method to build general theorems. The above methods consist of research procedures such as describing, defining, classifying. Classification and taxonomy of variables were used to analyze the potential of countries. The spectrum of methods used guarantees the objectivity of the results obtained. Findings: Geoeconomics as a paradigm of international security research meets the cognitive requirements of security and political sciences. It has the appropriate theoretical foundations necessary for conceptualization and enables the construction of a cognitive framework relating to socio-economic facts. Practical implications: Geoeconomics represents a new quality of potentiometric cognition applicable to international relations. It makes it possible to discern the potentials of states, to identify leaders, and to relate states and regions to general properties of international order (geopolitics and geostrategy) in the context of international security studies.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

3 - 15





JEL Classification: Security issues. Bibliografia na stronach 13-15.

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal


Ministry points / journal in years 2017-2021