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Comparison of Perceptions of Threats to External Security : Strategic Documents of the European Union and Poland


[ 1 ] Katedra Sił Powietrznych i Obrony Powietrznej, Wydział Wojskowy, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

On-line Journal Modelling the New Europe

Journal year: 2020 | Journal number: Issue No. 32

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • European Union
  • Defence doctrines
  • Defensive strategy
  • Doctrinal documents
  • International security
  • Military doctrines
  • Military security
  • Military threat
  • National security
  • Nonmilitary threat
  • Poland
  • Political doctrines
  • Security strategy
  • Security system
  • Bezpieczeństwo militarne
  • Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
  • Bezpieczeństwo narodowe
  • Dokumenty doktrynalne
  • Doktryny obronne
  • Doktryny polityczne
  • Doktryny wojskowe
  • Polska
  • Strategia bezpieczeństwa
  • Strategia obronna
  • System obronny państwa
  • Zagrożenia militarne
  • Zagrożenia niemilitarne
  • Unia Europejska (UE)

EN The article presents opinions and interpretations relating to the perception of threats to external security of the European Union (EU) and Poland. These are based on a comparison of the content of their strategic documents on the area of security. Despite the fact that Poland is a member of the EU it points out different attitude to threats assessment comparing those indicated in strategic documents of the EU. The EU security strategies and the security strategies of the Republic of Poland will be analysed. The time period taken was from the end of the Cold War until the current strategic documents were published. The perception of threats to the external security of the EU and Poland was correlated with the results of public opinion polls of the member states of the EU and Poland. The general findings lead to the conclusion that the perception of threats to external security contained in the strategic documents of the entities concerned is basically the same, but they perceive differently their priorities in reducing the risks associated with the occurrence of specific threats. Besides, Poland is more focused on military than none-military threats to its security especially from Russia’s side.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

134 - 155





Bibliografia, netografia na stronach 151-155.

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Points of MNiSW / journal


Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021


Publication indexed in