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The rules and organisation of air traffic at airstrips during military operations : based on experience gained on missions in Chad and Afghanistan


[ 1 ] Instytut Wsparcia i Zabezpieczenia Działań, Wydział Wojskowy, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.5] Political science and public administration

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2020 | Journal volume: vol. 30 | Journal number: no. 3

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • ATC
  • Air traffic
  • Air traffic control (ATC)
  • Landing sites
  • Military missions
  • Safety
  • War-time operations
  • Afghanistan
  • Chad
  • Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
  • Kontrola ruchu lotniczego
  • Lądowiska
  • Misje wojskowe
  • Operacje wojenne
  • Ruch lotniczy
  • Afganistan
  • Czad (państwo)

EN The aim of the article is to present the characteristics of airstrips used by Polish and allied aircraft during military operations in Chad and Afghanistan. The main goal is to examine their organisation and the management of air traffic by Polish ATC staff as well as to answer the question: How did Polish controllers plan the air operation? Answers to this question were sought through empirical and theoretical research. The theoretical methods were a study of literature (analysis, synthesis, abstraction, generalisation, interpretation, analogy and comparison). The empirical method – “opinion poll” took the leading role, which used different techniques conducted in a tested environment to gather the data (interviews with experts and an ex post facto experiment). Consequently, the article looks at the method of planning and preparing air operations and the rules of air traffic organisation in the area of responsibility of Polish controllers. The selected issues discussed herein include the rules of airspace segmentation, the adopted air traffic control solutions and the landing zone infrastructure used. All in all, the experience discussed herein constitutes valuable information regarding air traffic security and may prove helpful in organising landing zones and preparing air personnel for future operations conducted by Polish and allied Military Contingents at home and abroad.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

81 - 93




Copyrights to the institution

Akademia Sztuki Wojennej

License type

CC BY-NC-ND (attribution - noncommercial - no derivatives)

Open Access Mode

publisher's website

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Points of MNiSW / journal


Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021