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Security strategy of the People’s Republic of China in the light of the 2019 Defence White Paper


[ 1 ] Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Uniwersytet Warszawski | [ D ] phd student

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2020 | Journal number: nr 1 (700)

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Bezpieczeństwo narodowe
  • Chiny
  • Polityka zagraniczna
  • Strategia
  • Wojsko

EN This article aims to outline main directions of the security strategy of the People’s Republic of China basing on the analysis of the Defence White Paper of July 2019, the political practice of the Beijing authorities as well as internal and international situation. Having analysed the above mentioned areas, the author concludes that the contemporary strategy of the PRC is internally subordinated to maintaining territorial, political and social integrity, including primarily legitimization of the power of the Communist Party of China. Externally, the strategy is oriented at reversing the unfavourable balance of forces in the Asia-Pacific region and weakening of the US military advantage. Those two directions determine the activities of the Chinese state in such specific areas as: modernization of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the relations with Taiwan and claims concerning South China Sea. The Defence White Paper is aimed at contrasting the unilateral and hegemonic policy of the United States (as the authors of the document see it) with the defensive and moderate activities of China. The narration serves to convince international players to remain neutral or engage in collaboration with China in the face of intensifying military, economic and political pressure on the part of the USA. China has entered a “critical moment” of its development and the response of the Beijing authorities to the challenges of internal development and external pressures will determine whether in the 21st century it will become a superpower.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

49 - 64





Bibliografia, netografia na stronach 62-64. Streszczenie w języku polskim

License type

CC BY-SA (attribution - share alike)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Points of MNiSW / journal


Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021