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Flood vulnerability of the critical infrastructure in Poland


[ 1 ] Department of Internal Security, Faculty of Political Science and International Studies, University of Warsaw

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 39 | Journal number: no. 3

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Critical infrastructure
  • Flood

EN The purpose of this article is to examine the significance of the flood hazard for the functioning of the critical infrastructure in Poland and to suggest adequate methods and strategies for reducing the vulnerability of critical infrastructure to flooding. The main research method used is institutional and legal analysis, which shows how critical infrastructure is protected in Poland. The context of climate change is taken into account, the consequences of which may trigger increased threat, and its significance is discussed. It is also shown that river floods of a pluvial character constitute the greatest hazard in Poland, as they pose a threat to urban areas where most critical infrastructure is located. The author lists methods which can be used to protect critical infrastructure from flooding. Examples of systems are also provided. A conclusion is formed that the approach to this problem should be comprehensive and make use of methods related to flood prevention, flood defence and flood mitigation, and above all, the relocation of elements of the critical infrastructure. It is evident that the best time to reduce the susceptibility of specific systems to floods is when they are developed or modernised by taking into account the flood risk. Lastly, the biggest problem of the critical infrastructure in Poland is highlighted, namely its identification once it is already built, which means its location had not been thought through.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

108 - 122




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

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