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Multi-dimensional assessment of the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War


[ 1 ] Defense and Security Innovations’ Analysis Group, Baltic Institute of Advanced Technology

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 38 | Journal number: no. 2

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Innovation
  • Technology
  • Qualitative research
  • Warfare

EN This article contains an assessment of the last war in the Southern Caucasus, referring to it as the second Nagorno–Karabakh war. The assessment is concentrated on the military capabilities built up prior to the major escalation of this war and operational features identified during the battles. The assessment uses analytic categories of processed information and initiatives that sovereign actors took during decision cycles and the conduct of military campaigns. Those analytic categories are named dimensions, with the strategic and military dimensions being the most important for this analysis. The key findings of this article suggest that additional dimensions could be used in researching the complex conditions of the war, which might have a continuous impact even outside the Southern Caucasus. The review of initiatives at the strategic dimension suggested that the built-up of two competing security policy fractions in the South Caucasus was an influential factor. The assessment of the military dimension of that war provided insights regarding the tactical choices of both adversaries. That assessment revealed some significant differences in how the campaign was conducted on both sides. Further complex tensions in the region are expected as national political decisions will drive strategic choices and drive the development of military capabilities. Given the fact that both countries were short of a consensus-based peace deal and Russia sent in peacekeeping forces, further developments in the political and strategic dimensions of this war saga should be expected.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

51 - 61




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

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