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Improved detection of chemical threats by sensor data fusion


[ 1 ] System Analysis, technisch-mathematische studiengesellschaft mbH | [ 2 ] ystem Analysis, technisch-mathematische studiengesellschaft mbH

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 37 | Journal number: no. 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Nonmilitary threat
  • Sensors
  • Weapons of mass destruction

EN This paper presents some aspects of sensor data fusion that were derived from the EU-SENSE project of the European Commission (Horizon 2020, Grant Agreement No 787031). The aim of EU-SENSE was to develop a novel network of sensors for CBRNe applications through the exploitation of chemical detector technologies, advanced machine-learning and modelling algorithms. The high-level objectives of the project include improving the detection capabilities of the novel network of chemical sensors through the use of machine learning algorithms and reducing the impact of environmental noise. The focus in this paper is on the detection and data fusion aspects as well as the machine learning approaches that were used as part of the project. Detection (in the sense of detectto-warn) is a classification task and improvement of detection requires enhancing the discriminatory power of the classifier, that is reducing false alarms, false positives, and false negatives. This was achieved by a two-step procedure, that is a sensitive distance-based anomaly/change detection followed by downstream classification, identification and concentration estimation. Bayesian networks proved to be useful when fusing information from multiple sensors. For validation purposes, experimental data was gathered during the project and the developed approaches were applied successfully. Despite the development of several new, helpful tools within the project, the domain of chemical detection remains challenging, particularly regarding provisioning of the necessary prior-knowledge. It might make sense from a coverage point of view to look into integration of stand-off detection techniques into a sensor network, including data fusion too.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

70 - 93




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CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

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