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The performance of the Portuguese Armed Forces and the relevance of military capabilities in 21st century: The different perspectives of citizens and militaries


[ 1 ] AdAdministration and Leadership, Portuguese Military Academy

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 37 | Journal number: no. 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Armed Forces
  • Defence capability of a State
  • National security
  • Portugal
  • Public administration

EN A high performance level in a public organisation is fundamental. The Portuguese Armed Forces can influence the environment, both external and internal, and should therefore have a high performance level and adequate development of military capabilities. For that, it is fundamental to understand the importance of military capabilities for combatting the threats of the 21st century. This paper aims to analyse the influence of military capabilities for combating the current threats and risks in fulfilling the various operations, and for optimising the performance of the Portuguese Armed Forces. A quantitative analysis was carried out from citizen and military convenience samples through correlations between variables, as well as measures of central tendency like mean and standard deviation. The results show that the development of military capabilities has a positive effect on the performance of the Portuguese Armed Forces, combatting conventional threats and risks, as well as threats to civil protection. This capabilities performance is related with the execution of military operations (external and internal). Therefore, a proper development of military capabilities (output) with a special focus on human resources and privilege and the efficiency and quality of the missions (outcomes) are essential to combat the threats of the 21st century.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

24 - 40




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

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