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Common defence – the past or the future?


[ 1 ] Instytut Sztuki Operacyjnej i Taktyki, Wydział Wojskowy, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

Bezpieczeństwo. Teoria i Praktyka

Journal year: 2022 | Journal number: No. 3 (XLVIII)

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • War
  • Art of war
  • Common defence
  • Security
  • Governance
  • Bezpieczeństwo
  • Obrona powszechna
  • Sztuka wojenna
  • Wojna
  • Zarządzanie

EN The contents of the doctrines at the operational and tactical levels focus primarily on the ways in which the components of the types of armed forces are used and the for coop- eration between them. Documents of a higher level (e.g. strategies) indicate a number of threats, including non-military ones, affecting the state directly or indirectly. The issue of using social potential in these documents is marginalised. Lessons from the Rus- sian-Ukrainian war emphasise how important the role of common defence is for the de- fence of the country against aggression. Nowadays, however, common defence cannot be “limited” to military action alone. A potential opponent is not only its army, but also its society, economy, culture, etc. The research conducted and its results point to opportuni- ties to increase the defence impact of the state through effective and full use of its actors, including the military.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

75 - 86


License type

CC BY-NC-ND (attribution - noncommercial - no derivatives)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Points of MNiSW / journal