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Fake News as a Threat to Social Resilience


[ 1 ] Instytut Teorii Bezpieczeństwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

European Research Studies Journal

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. XXV | Journal number: issue 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Badania ilościowe
  • Badania jakościowe
  • Bezpieczeństwo narodowe
  • Badania naukowe
  • Dezinformacja
  • Edukacja
  • Manipulacja (psychologia)
  • Media społecznościowe
  • Opinia publiczna
  • Wiedza
  • Education
  • Fake news
  • Knowledge
  • Social media
  • Manipulation (psych.)
  • National security
  • Qualitative research
  • Quantitative research
  • Public opinion

EN Objective: The aim of the research inquiry was to find out about fake news, the manipulation of its recognition by social media users with the question formulated as follows: what might be the social resistance to fake news as a media product in the post-truth era? The hypothesis was put forward that fake news causes a lack of social resistance to fake news despite the declared knowledge of users regarding fake news. The research was conducted under a grant from the Ministry of National Defense. Desigh/Methodology/Approach: The presented results of combining the analysis of secondary sources (literature, studies, reports) with the empirical part (questionnaire survey) allowed us to confirm the main thesis of the article, which is that fake news as a media product in the post-truth era causes lack of social resistance to false content. Findings: The results of the study indicate the vulnerability of social media users to fake news despite their knowledge on the subject. The conclusion points to the need for appropriate media courses, trainings, and media campaigns that will improve the knowledge of social media users making them more resistant to fake news. Practical implications: The article synthetically presents the conclusions from the research, pointing out the directions of research in the field of information security in the context of national security, indicating the necessity of education and training in this area, as well as social campaigns. Originality/value: The presented research results have not been previously shown in this form, they provide knowledge about the increasing risk of false content in social media. They recommend the necessity of monitoring, repeating the research, implementation of specific actions that should be taken by the government to ensure social resilience to fake news.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

765 - 782





JEL codes: D91, F52, O33. Bibliografia na stonach 781-782.

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Points of MNiSW / journal