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Mediating effect of Indonesia’s public trust on national security from the sense of safety, knowledge, and willingness to participate in state defense efforts


[ 1 ] Republic of Indonesia Defence University, Faculty of National Security, IPSC Sentul Area, Sukahati, District, Citeureup, Bogor, West Java Province 16810, Indonesia

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. 36 | Journal number: no. 4

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Indonesia
  • National security

EN Several studies that focus on the willingness to participate show that trust is a vital variable in mediating a person’s disposition to do so. This study examines the role of public trust in national security as a mediating variable of a sense of security and knowledge of the willingness to participate in state defence efforts. The data was collected via a questionnaire distributed to 435 respondents across Indonesia. We used a simple random sampling method; we then analysed using LISREL with Structural Equation Model (SEM). We found that trust cannot mediate a sense of safety and knowledge on the willingness to participate. An exciting finding was that knowledge affects trust, but sense of safety does not affect trust. This is interesting because it contradicts many studies related to political trust, when the willingness to participate is directly influenced by a sense of security and knowledge related to national security. Thus, to increase the willingness to participate in state defence efforts, it is necessary to increase the community’s sense of security and knowledge related to national security. In this case, we recommend providing education related to defence and security to the community and increasing the community’s sense of security.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

69 - 88




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Points of MNiSW / journal


Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021