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Article


Title

The USSR opposing the concept of establishing unions of states on its Western borders in 1939-45, as reported by the Soviet press

Authors

[ 1 ] Katedra Historii Wojskowości i Studiów Nad Obronnością, Instytut Historii Wojskowej, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[1.3] History

Year of publication

2021

Published in

Institute of National Remembrance Review

Journal year: 2021 | Journal number: Iss. 3/2021-2022

Article type

scientific article

Publication language

english

Keywords
PL
  • II wojna światowa (1939-1945)
  • Gazety radzieckie
  • Imperializm
  • Komunizm
  • Pakt Ribbentrop-Mołotow (1939)
  • Polityka
  • Propaganda
  • Publicystyka
  • ZSRR
EN
  • Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
  • Central Europe
  • Soviet imperialism
  • Soviet propaganda
  • Central European federation
Abstract

EN In 1939–40, in the agreements imposed by the Soviet Union by force on Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia, these nations were forced to withdraw from the Baltic Entente, and in the agreements of 1940 and 1944, it forbade Finland from joining the Scandinavian states. It also rejected the right of “small states”—Poland and Czechoslovakia, as well as Yugoslavia and Greece (1942)—to join plans for regional integration supported by Great Britain. It should be recalled that in the interwar period, the Soviet Union had opposed Aristide Briand’s plan (1929) for a united Europe, which Soviet propaganda called “the holy capitalist alliance”. The Soviet Union policy believed that as a socialist state it resolved national, economic and social problems in the spirit of brotherhood and cooperation between nations. Capitalist states were allegedly incapable of equal unions of states. The Soviet Union described itself as a union of republics which were formally independent and equal states. In fact their independence was superficial, and the republican institutions were strictly controlled by the Communist party and the Soviet secret services. In foreign policy, the concept of Soviet federalism served to justify the successive annexation of neighbouring nations as republics “liberated” by the Red Army. The Soviet goal was to unite Europe, and even the whole world, on the basis of Communist ideology.

Pages (from - to)

287 - 369

DOI

https://doi.org/10.48261/INRR210311

Points of MNiSW / journal

40.0

Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021

40.0