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The Current Picture of the Transition to a Green Economy in the EU—Trends in Climate and Energy Policy versus State Security


[ 1 ] Instytut Zarządzania, Wydział Zarządzania i Dowodzenia, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.6] Management and quality studies

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. 14 | Journal number: issue 23

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Energy and climate policy
  • State security
  • Economic efficiency
  • European Union
  • Sustainable development
  • Green economy
  • Renewable energy sources (RES)
  • Energy sources
  • Polityka energetyczna
  • Polityka klimatyczna
  • Rozwój zrównoważony
  • Zielona gospodarka
  • Efektywność ekonomiczna
  • Odnawialne źródła energii
  • Energia
  • Unia Europejska (UE)
  • Bezpieczeństwo narodowe

EN This article presents the historical progression of changes and arguments indicating the need to move from fossil energy sources to the green economy in the European Union (EU) countries. It shows trends in the EU’s climate and energy policy compared to the rest of the world. At the same time, it points to the elements of the necessary compromise between the climate requirements and the energy security of countries and their economies. The aim of the article is to present the main quantitative challenges for the development of the green economy in the EU, which are analyzed from the perspective of the year 2030. For this year, specific values have been established to be achieved by European countries in several fundamental areas. On the other hand, the strategic goals and further development perspective are included until 2050. This undoubtedly indicates the complexity of the issue, which is intensified as a result of the various economic and political strategies of many European Union members. At the same time, as part of the analysis carried out, efforts are made to develop concepts and practical recommendations for the development of a green European economy.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

8181 (nr. art.)




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Points of MNiSW / journal


Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021


Impact Factor