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The Potential of Ecological Distributed Energy Generation Systems, Situation, and Perspective for Poland


[ 1 ] Instytut Zarządzania, Wydział Zarządzania i Dowodzenia, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.6] Management and quality studies

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. 14 | Journal number: issue 23

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Alternative energy sources
  • Photovoltaic systems
  • Wind systems
  • Hydropower systems
  • Biogas
  • Biomass systems
  • Biogaz
  • Biomasa
  • Energetyka wiatrowa
  • Energetyka wodna
  • Fotowoltaika
  • Odnawialne źródła energii
  • Paliwa alternatywne
  • Polityka energetyczna
  • Polityka klimatyczna
  • Rozwój zrównoważony
  • Transformacja energetyczna
  • Polska

EN Poland needs to fulfill its climate goals and become “climate neutral” by 2050. The plan is intricate for the Polish Government because coal-powered power plants generate about 80 percent of electricity in the country. Although policymakers are making an effort to redesign the energy sector, a lot still remains to be done. The viral trend in that transformation involves installing photovoltaic (PV) panels by private, corporate, and self-government investors. For example, the “My energy” support program of the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management has helped finance 220,000 micro-PV installations. The achievement is significant but constitutes only partial success. PV powerplants will not simply replace coal powerplants. That is why the research on the ecological distributed energy generation systems has to be executed. The article presents the research results on ecological distributed energy generation systems, making the transformation of the Polish energy sector possible. The study’s primary objectives were to review the energy situation with particular attention paid to the technologies that could be used as the ecological distributed energy generation systems and draw the scenarios for the sector development. The authors used Desk research, the Delphi method supported with the Computer Assisted-Web Interview (CAWI) technique, and the Weighted SWOT analysis to fulfill the objectives. The findings showed that photovoltaic (PV) systems would be the fastest-growing energy sector even in the perspective of doubling the energy consumption by 2050. Private investors investing in ecological distributed energy generation systems, especially the PV systems mentioned above, and biomass or biogas systems, would significantly help policymakers, including those in Poland, fulfill the climate goals.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

7966 (nr art.)




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal


Ministry points / journal in years 2017-2021


Impact Factor