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The Balkan Kettle: Russia's policy toward the Balkans


[ 1 ] Instytut Teorii Bezpieczeństwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.5] Political science and public administration

Year of publication


Published in

Security and Defence Quarterly

Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. 35 | Journal number: no. 3

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
  • Energia
  • Europa
  • Geopolityka
  • Kraje bałkańskie
  • Polityka bezpieczeństwa
  • Religia
  • Rosja
  • Stosunki międzynarodowe
  • Unia Europejska (UE)
  • Balkan region
  • Energy
  • Europe
  • European Union
  • Geopolitics
  • International relations
  • International security
  • Religion
  • Russia
  • Security policy

EN The purpose of this article is to identify the policy orientations of Russia in the Balkans. The historical aspects of Russia's political and cultural ties with the Balkan region, Russia's policy toward the Balkans during the USSR period will be highlighted. As the Balkans are an important factor in Russia's geopolitical game to retain influence in Europe, the author analyses Russia's contemporary policy in the Balkans, its interests and the measures taken to achieve its specific goals. It can be concluded that Russian involvement in some Balkan countries is exhausting the elements of the hybrid war. Two possible models of geopolitical behavior in relation to Russia could be distinguished. The first is to continue trying to stay as far away from Russia, the second is to build effective mechanisms for socio-economic cooperation. It can be implied that Russia will not hesitate to repeat the hybrid war scenario from Ukraine in order to maintain its political influence in the region. Only the return of the EU to a consistent policy of enlargement to Balkan countries and the economic strengthening of the Member States from the Balkan region can weaken Russia's political influence in the region.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

47 - 61




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Ministry points / journal


Ministry points / journal in years 2017-2021