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Factors Determining a Drone Swarm Employment in Military Operations


[ 1 ] Katedra Sił Powietrznych i Obrony Powietrznej, Wydział Wojskowy, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

Safety & Defense

Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. 7 | Journal number: no. 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Autonomous vehicles
  • Capabilities of drone swarm
  • Command and control models
  • Defense
  • Military operations
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)

EN The aim of this study is to identify a drone swarm’s capabilities and the key factors influencing its employment in military operations. The research takes the quantitative analysis of scientific literature related to the technical and operational utilizationof drones. The use of drones for military purposes in contemporary world is widespread. They conduct dull, dirty, dangerous and deep military operations replacing manned aviation in many areas. Progressive technological development including artificial intelligence and machine learning allows for the use of military drones in the form of a swarm. It is a quite new technology at the beginning of development. The study indicates that the capabilitiesof a drone swarm based on communication within the group and autonomy differentiate it from the typicaluse of unmanned aircraft. Size, diversity, self configurability and self perfection amongst the others indicated in literature are attributes of a drone swarm which may give advantage in military operation comparing to the classic use of unmanned aircraft. Emergent coordination as a command and control model of a drone swarm is a future way of utilizingthat technology in military operations. In the future, adrone swarm will be a cheaper equivalent of advanced and much more expensive weapon systems conducting combat operations.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

59 - 71



Bibliografia, netografia na stronach 70-71.

Copyrights to the institution

Akademia Sztuki Wojennej

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Points of MNiSW / journal


Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021