Processing may take a few seconds...

Article


Title

Intergenerational Differences as a Challenge of Leaders in the Process of Building Commitment of Employees in a Public Organization – An Empirical Research

Authors

[ 1 ] Instytut Zarządzania, Wydział Zarządzania i Dowodzenia, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.6] Management and quality studies

Year of publication

2021

Published in

European Research Studies Journal

Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. XXIV | Journal number: issue 2

Article type

scientific article

Publication language

english

Keywords
EN
  • Intergenerational differences
  • Leader
  • Public organization
PL
  • Dowodzenie (wojsko)
  • Relacje międzypokoleniowe
  • Różnice międzypokoleniowe
  • Pokolenie X
  • Pokolenie Y
  • Pokolenie Z
  • Wojsko
Abstract

EN Purpose: The article aims to show what challenges stem from employees' generational diversity and determine the level of engagement that leaders face in a public organization, using the example of the army. Design/Methodology/Approach: To answer the research problem, an analysis of the source literature (both Polish and foreign) together with a diagnostic survey was carried out with the use of questionnaire techniques on a sample of 158 soldiers – students and attendees of the courses conducted at the War Studies University in Warsaw. The results of the research were subjected to statistical analysis, which allowed to answer the research problem. Findings: The conducted research confirmed the existence of different thinking patterns of the representatives of generations X, Y, and Z, which constitutes a challenge for commanders in the army. The differences were noticed, especially about generation Z in the scope of interpersonal relations, teamwork, and work organization. Practical Implications: The results of the research are significant in the process of building the commitment of employees in public institutions. They reveal differences in the needs and expectations of a multigenerational team, which undoubtedly spur challenges for the leader to reconcile these needs and directly impact the level of commitment and, therefore, the ability to achieve the set goals. Originality/Value: The research provides theoretical assumptions and practical answers to encourage further research globally.

Date of online publication

25.05.2021

Pages (from - to)

798 - 812

DOI

10.35808/ersj/2156

URL

https://ersj.eu/journal/2156

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Points of MNiSW / journal

100.0

Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021

100.0