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Article

Title

Polish Intelligence in the Netherlands and Dutch Counter-Intelligence, 1947-1962

Authors

[ 1 ] Instytut Podstaw Bezpieczeństwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Safety studies

Year of publication

2020

Published in

The International Journal of Intelligence, Security, and Public Affairs

Journal year: 2020 | Journal volume: vol. 22 | Journal number: iss. 3

Article type

scholarly article

Publication language

english

Keywords
PL
  • Archiwa wojskowe
  • Holandia
  • Kontrwywiad
  • Kontrwywiad wojskowy
  • Polska
  • Szpiegostwo
  • Wywiad holenderski
  • Wywiad osobowy
  • Wywiad polski
  • Wywiad wojskowy holenderski
  • Wywiad wojskowy polski
EN
  • Espionage
  • Human Intelligence (HUMINT)
  • Military counterintelligence
  • Military intelligence
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
Abstract

EN The article examines the origins, main goals and clandestine operations conducted by Polish Intelligence Services in The Netherlands between 1947 and 1962, as well as Dutch counter-intelligence measures in order to thwart Polish espionage. By using declassified intelligence documents from Polish and Dutch archives, we stipulate that the intelligence operations of Polish civilian and military intelligence stations in The Hague were seriously hampered by the coherent and systematic counter-intelligence operations conducted by Dutch services. Accounts from Polish and Dutch archives indicate that Polish intelligence personnel working undercover as diplomats were quickly identified and put under constant surveillance. Moreover, Polish HUMINT operations aimed at recruiting Dutch citizens were surprisingly unsuccessful.

Date of online publication

03.11.2020

Pages (from - to)

288 - 306

DOI

10.1080/23800992.2020.1839726

URL

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23800992.2020.1839726

Comments

Publikacja była na zasadach tzw. Early Access. Published online: 03 Nov 2020

Points of MNiSW / journal

20

Publication indexed in

Scopus