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New Wars and Sustainable Security: What Should Military Leaders Learn?


[ 1 ] Instytut Teorii Bezpieczeństwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Royal Military College of Canada | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

IUM Atualidade

Journal year: 2022 | Journal number: no. 38

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Badania ilościowe
  • Badania jakościowe
  • Badania naukowe
  • Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe
  • Edukacja
  • Nauki o bezpieczeństwie
  • Wojna
  • Wiedza
  • Education
  • International security
  • Knowledge
  • Qualitative research
  • Quantitative research

EN This paper presents the results of prior studies and new survey research on curriculum content and approaches for mid-career officers. The research was conducted for the International Society of Military Sciences (ISMS), which provides research-based support to defence universities in small democratic countries. Prior studies have described patterns of western professional military education (PME) and common themes in mid-career and senior officer education. A survey asked experts from ISMS and the NATO Conference of Commandants to rate the importance of 22 novel subject areas on a Likert scale and to comment on the selection criteria for new materials to support teaching in professional military education. Thirty four respondents to the questionnaire included senior leaders in PME, serving military officers, researchers, graduate students, and faculty. The subjects of greatest interest for future PME were: Artificial intelligence and robotics; resilience of leadership; defining and conceptualizing war; and designing strategies for small countries. When military educators are looking for materials for higher PME, the most important criteria are that books and articles should challenge current thinking or report new research. The study demonstrates that there is a demand in defence universities and staff colleges for new thinking in response to the changing nature of war. As in other professions, military science relies on a professional and scholarly ecosystem to generate new knowledge.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

1 - 10



Bibliografia na stronie 9.

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

publisher's website

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date

07.2022 (Date presumed)

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

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