Processing may take a few seconds...



Immersive Technologies That Aid Additive Manufacturing Processes in CBRN Defence Industry


[ 1 ] Instytut Zarządzania, Wydział Zarządzania i Dowodzenia, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Czech Technical University in Prague | [ 3 ] Politechnika Gdańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication


Published in

International Journal on Information Technologies and Security

Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. 13 | Journal number: Special Issue SP3

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Immersive technologies
  • Virtual Reality
  • Mixed Reality
  • Augmented Reality
  • Additive Manufacturing
  • CBRN reconnaissance devices testing
  • CBRN defence tactical training
  • Drukowanie 3D
  • Obiekty trójwymiarowe
  • Obrona przed bronią masowego rażenia
  • Przemysł zbrojeniowy
  • Rzeczywistość wirtualna
  • Rzeczywistość rozszerzona
  • Szkolenie taktyczne
  • Technika wojskowa
  • Technologia

EN Testing unique devices or their counterparts for CBRN (C- chemical, B-biological, R-radiological, N-nuclear) defense relies on additive manufacturing processes. Immersive technologies aid additive manufacturing. Their use not only helps understand the manufacturing processes, but also improves the design and quality of the products. This article aims to propose an approach to testing CBRN reconnaissance hand-held products developed by additive manufacturing. According to the approach, tactical training with the use of the 3D object or their printed versions can be helpful in military products development by providing data on user experience. Training for testing can enhance their quality regarding intuitiveness and easiness in use. It can be concluded that the fast-evolving technological landscape requires novel approaches in developing and testing military products.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

51 - 62



Support under Grant 86/E-359/SPUB/SP/2019 as well as by the War Studies University in Warsaw under the Grant “Statutory Research 2021” No. II.2.12, 221

License type


Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date

10.2021 (Date presumed)

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal


Ministry points / journal in years 2017-2021


Publication indexed in

Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI) WoS