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Article


Title

Baltics Left of Bang: The Southern Shore

Authors

[ 1 ] Instytut Bezpieczeństwa Państwa, Wydział Bezpieczeństwa Narodowego, Akademia Sztuki Wojennej | [ 2 ] Robert Bosch Foundation | [ 3 ] Polska Akademia Nauk | [ 4 ] National Defense University (Washington) | [ 5 ] University of Southern Denmark | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.3] Security studies

Year of publication

2021

Published in

Strategic Forum

Journal year: 2021 | Journal number: No. 308

Article type

scientific article

Publication language

english

Keywords
EN
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • European Union
  • Geopolitics
  • Germany
  • International relations
  • International security
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • NATO
  • Poland
  • Russia
  • United States of America
Abstract

EN Deterring and defending against Russian aggression in the Baltic Sea region prior to open hostilities, or “left of bang,” is a political problem that requires a coordinated regional approach by the Baltic southern shore states—Poland, Germany, and Denmark—in conjunction with their North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and European Union (EU) allies. Despite common membership in NATO and the EU, the southern shore states hold differing strategic perspectives that reflect the challenges of a coordinated approach. These states should prioritize Baltic maritime security, regional mobility, and unconventional warfare capabilities in coordination with regional allies and partners. They should also leverage or enhance EU capabilities in cyber, information, and strategic communications to better deter and defend against Russian hostile measures.

Date of online publication

01.2021

Pages (from - to)

1 - 20

URL

https://ndupress.ndu.edu/Portals/68/Documents/stratforum/SF-308.pdf

License type

other

Open Access Mode

publisher's website

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date

01.2021

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Points of MNiSW / journal

5.0

Points of MNiSW / journal in years 2017-2021

5.0